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Unread 2013-04-06, 02:24 AM   #101
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If you have a male and a female they will spawn, and spawn and spawn and spawn, like every 2 weeks spawn. I can't tell the gender of your cons in your photos.
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Unread 2013-04-06, 07:38 PM   #102
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The new filter/media set up has been running for a month. I've been doing 5 gallon water changes weekly and did one 15 gallon swap out of necessity. Test my water and here is where the tank is sitting at.

PH: 7.6
High PH: 8.4
Ammonia: 0ppm
Nitrite: .20ppm
Nitrate: 40ppm

I'm pretty happy with these results so far. I've never been able to get my ammonia below .40 so the R/O system is making a difference. What do you guys think? PH is in range for the convicts, is the nitrite something to worry about or just keep an eye on it?
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Unread 2013-04-06, 11:23 PM   #103
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If you do water changes regularly and have enough beneficial bacteria with using a R/O filter, I think the only thing you might have to look out for are some trace elements the fish might need depending where the fish are from. Honestly I don't go crazy on water stats. It's been years since I have taken water readings, just keep up on the water changes and avoid using untreated tap water and avoid new carbon packs on an already cycled tank.


I was tired of keeping plants in my mbuna (african) cichlid tank because they kept digging them up, then I went to fake plants, then I just took them out completely. Not sure how convicts are to them.

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Unread 2013-04-07, 12:04 AM   #104
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Your parameters are fine. Once I get a tank cycled I don't test the water again unless something doesn't seem right. RO/DI water has nothing to do with ammonia, you tap water shouldn't have any ammonia in it. The reason for ammonia is not enough biological filtration for the fish load in the tank.

Pretty much all cichlids will constantly fuck with plants and tear them up.

If you are curious on how to sex your cons when they get a bit bigger the females will develop a redish colored spot just behind their pectoral fin. The females anal and dorsal fins also aren't typically as long and pointed as the males.
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Unread 2013-04-07, 01:16 AM   #105
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Our tap water has ammonia in it, not enough to harm a human but enough to do some damage to the tank. Our water sucks
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Unread 2013-04-14, 02:06 PM   #106
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So im starting to get some green algea on the rock structures. I dont want it to over run the tank.
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Unread 2013-04-14, 02:51 PM   #107
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First thing to do is cut down how many hours of light the tank is getting. The tank isn't exposed to sunlight is it?
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Unread 2013-04-14, 04:04 PM   #108
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Not direct sunlight, its down to 8hrs of light a day. Ive read white vinegar helps.
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Unread 2013-04-14, 04:41 PM   #109
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Yes the tanl does see direct sunlight when we have the curtains open. I dont have the option to move the tank. I need to do something different to keep up with the growth. Im doing 7 gallon water changes weekly. And 40% every 6 weeks. I have 1 albino pleco and a snail. Would another algae eating creature help? It gets about 10 hours of low blue led light, and 6 hours of no light at throughout the 24 light cycle. Dosing 1 cap full of excel flourish daily.
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Unread 2013-04-14, 09:26 PM   #110
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use this link to figure out what kind you have and it should tell you what to do to fix it.

http://www.theplantedtank.co.uk/algae.htm
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Unread 2013-04-14, 10:00 PM   #111
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Gsa and early fuzz, ive always had black/brown algae. Should I welcome what I have as a good sign?
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Unread 2013-04-14, 10:02 PM   #112
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Ive adjusted the lighting down, im going to take my brush and scrub some of it. I think its time to clean some of the bio rings in the filter.
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Unread 2013-04-14, 10:20 PM   #113
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I actually have quite a few turtles and I have little to no algae. I wish I could state why but if I had to say way I would say its due to using a product called purigen. I am on a turtle based forum and it was simply what they advised to use since as you may know turtles poo quite a bit.



That was right after I left the filter off and turned it back on. Normally my FX5 keeps my tank squeaky clean.



Anyways. I would look into into some purigen. My tank sits by a window and sometimes I forget to switch my led's from white to blue at night. The only algae I see is on the basking dock over about 2-3 months.
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Unread 2013-04-15, 09:00 AM   #114
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Quote:
Originally Posted by ItalionStallion888 View Post
Gsa and early fuzz, ive always had black/brown algae. Should I welcome what I have as a good sign?
Green algae is okay. Your fish might even scrape some off the rock to eat. Brown algae is usually caused by new tank syndrome or shocking the system so much that it might as well be a new tank. Also too little light or wrong spectrum of light. Could also be silicates and brown diatoms.

I had brown algae in an old tank from cheap fluorescent lights that come with aquariums and with the double bright leds. Switched to T5 reef lights and i am finally getting beneficial green algae. I leave the algae on the rocks, but scrape the glass before a water change once a week 25% change.
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Unread 2013-04-15, 09:19 AM   #115
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I can't get algae to grow, I don't have any anywhere in my tank and I wish I did. My live plants do fine, any ideas why?
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Unread 2013-04-15, 10:56 AM   #116
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Quote:
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I can't get algae to grow, I don't have any anywhere in my tank and I wish I did. My live plants do fine, any ideas why?
Are they low light plants? Brackish water? What kind of lights do you have? A T5 with blues on 12 hours a day should help

I went with this light setup. Has a built in timer. Search this on amazon

"Aquatic Life Light T5 HO 4-Lamp 4-Lunar Aquarium Light, 48-Inch"

You could also probably make your own from home depot for much cheaper.
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Unread 2013-04-15, 11:02 AM   #117
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Mine has 3 lights, the 2 T5s and 4 2 pair blue leds

I have the main day light on from 10am to 8pm

at 7:30 the 2nd T5 lighter blue comes on

From 7:30-10pm it's the lighter blue

at 9pm the 8 blue leds turn on from 9pm-mid night, kicks everything off for 2 hours then the blue leds come back on.

5am-7am everythings is off, 8am the lighter T5 kicks on till 10am

I tried to over lap a little bit. I'm still playing with my intervals.
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Unread 2013-04-15, 03:24 PM   #118
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Algae is a sign that the tank is healthy and there are lots of nutrients in the water column. I typically don't advise plecos because they create more waste than they do help the tank. More snails will work, as long as they don't start breeding. Also you might want to get 7-8 Oto catfish. They're really little guys but they do like to be in groups. They're cheap and will eat up the algae. If they start dying don't be too upset as they aren't bred in captivity. Mine on average last about 6 months. They're a really cool addition to the tank and the rest of your fish should leave them alone.
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Unread 2013-04-15, 03:28 PM   #119
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I know more info is needed, but what's the max amount of fish I should strive for in the tank? I have 9 penguin tetra and 6 cichlids and an albino pleco. I will look into the Oto Catfish and see if the Olathe Pet shop has any. I like my snail, but so do the convicts so they might not be much of an option as the convicts get bigger.
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Unread 2013-04-15, 07:18 PM   #120
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The oto cat's are really small, like 2-3" and they like to be in groups.

Number of fish to a tank really depends on water volume and filtration. You can overstock your tank but as long as you do enough water changes to keep the ammonia level down you're fine. I always overfiltrate my tanks. My 75 gallon is running a pair of Rena XP3's and all I have in it is a red devil and a giant danio.

You can use this calculator for a rough estimate on how well your tank is stocked.
http://aqadvisor.com/AqAdvisor.php
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Unread 2013-04-15, 09:56 PM   #121
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So over filtration will limit algae?
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Unread 2013-04-15, 10:44 PM   #122
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No, over filtration will allow you to stock more fish.
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Unread 2013-04-16, 03:01 PM   #123
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whats a good alge killer? snails? or a pelco?
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Unread 2013-04-16, 03:04 PM   #124
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Quote:
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whats a good alge killer? snails? or a pelco?
Snails by a millionfold. Plecos don't really do a lot in a home aquarium other than fill your tank with a lot of waste and ammonia. In the wild plecos spend more time sucking on submerged wood than eating algae.
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Unread 2013-04-16, 03:06 PM   #125
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According to that site I'm using 53% of my filtration system, but says I will max out a 131% when they get bigger. Do I really need another fluval 305 on this things?
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